#88 | Diferença entre adjetivos terminados em -ED e -ING

Adjetivos que terminam com -ed

Adjetivos que terminam com -ED descrevem um sentimento (ou como alguém se sente) ou uma emoção. É também usado para descrever algo temporário. Dessa forma, esses adjetivos não podem ser usados para descrever um objeto ou situação.

Veja alguns exemplos abaixo:

I was so bored in that lesson, I almost fell asleep.
He was surprised to see Helen after all those years.
She was really tired and went to bed early.

Adjetivos que terminam com -ing

Adjetivos que terminam com -ING geralmente descrevem características de uma pessoa, coisa ou situação.

Veja alguns exemplos abaixo:

Have you seen that film? It’s really frightening.
I could listen to her for hours. She’s so interesting.
I can’t sleep! That noise is really annoying!

Comparações

  • I was shocked by how shocking the accident was last night.
  •  Sally was confused by the confusing street signs in the city.

Quiz

Escolha a alternativa correta entre parênteses:

  1. I was ___________ (inspired / inspiring) to become a doctor by my father.
  2. The movie was very poorly written. I was so ___________ (bored / boring) that I fell asleep!
  3. The students said that English grammar is ___________ (confused / confusing).
  4. I was ___________ (surprised / surprising) to hear that Frank went to Alaska. He doesn’t even like leaving the city!
  5. The kids were ___________ (excited / exciting) to go to the beach.
  6. Mary felt very ___________ (satisfied / satisfying) with herself after her job interview.
  7. For many people, having music play in the background while trying to do homework is very ___________ (distracted / distracting).
  8. I can’t find my glasses. It’s so ___________ (annoyed / annoying)! I had them five minutes ago.
  9. Are you all right? You look ___________ (worried / worrying).
  10. I like Jeremy but he can be ___________ (tired / tiring) sometimes. He never stops talking!

Answer key:

1. inspired; 2. bored; 3. confusing; 4. surprised; 5. excited; 6. satisfied; 7. distracting; 8. annoying; 9. worried; 10. tiring.

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