DEBUT (substantivo) = estreia. “Gaga wrote and recorded her debut album, The Fame.”
DEBUT (verbo) = estrear. “The album debuted at the top of the Billboard 200.”
(MUSIC) CHARTS = paradas musicais. “Lady Gaga’s latest album, Chromatica, debuted atop the US charts”
GROSS = ter lucro bruto. “The Monster Ball tour grossed $227.4 million.”
Short bio: Lady Gaga
Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta was born on March 28, 1986, in Yonkers, New York. Now known as Lady Gaga, the inspiration for her stage name came from the Queen song “Radio Ga-Ga”.
Lady Gaga learned how to play the piano by the age of 4. When she was 11, she was accepted to the Juilliard School in Manhattan, but instead attended a private all-girls Catholic school in the city. She continued studying music and performing, writing her first piano ballad at the age of 13, and she held her first performance in a New York nightclub at the age of 14.
Gaga was 17 when she went to New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts to study music. Two years later, she dropped out to manage her own career, and began transforming herself into Lady Gaga.
In 2005, Lady Gaga was briefly signed by Def Jam Records, but was dropped just months later. After that, her career started to gather momentum, performing on her own in clubs and venues on New York City’s Lower East Side where she collaborated with several rock bands, and began her experimentation with fashion.
In 2007, at the age of 20, Gaga began work at Interscope Records as a songwriter for other artists on the label, including Britney Spears, New Kids on the Block and The Pussycat Dolls. R&B singer Akon discovered Gaga while she was performing a burlesque show that she created, called “Lady Gaga and the Starlight Revue.” Impressed, Akon signed the performer to his label under the Interscope umbrella, Kon Live. Through 2007 and 2008, Gaga wrote and recorded her debut album, The Fame.
Her first single, “Just Dance,” became popular in clubs throughout the United States and Europe and eventually reached number one on the Billboard Pop Songs chart. Gaga toured around Europe and in gay clubs in the US to promote the album – however it was not until her first hit ‘Just Dance’ came to mainstream attention in 2009 that Gaga exploded onto the music scene.
Three other singles off The Fame—“Poker Face,” “LoveGame,” and “Paparazzi”—also landed at number one on the radio chart, making Lady Gaga the first artist in the 17-year history of that chart to have four number ones from a debut album. The Fame was well received critically and proved enormously successful commercially, selling more than eight million copies worldwide by the end of 2009. In the same year, Gaga won her first two GRAMMYs for Best Dance Recording (“Poker Face”) and Best Dance/Electronic Album (The Fame). She also made her first performance appearance on the GRAMMY stage that same year, singing a medley that included “Poker Face” and “Speechless” and “Your Song” in a duet with Elton John.
While touring the album, Gaga wrote ‘The Fame Monster’, an EP examining the darker side to her new-found fame. The Fame Monster was released in 2009 and won multiple awards, producing her most iconic single ‘Bad Romance’ as well as ‘Telephone’ and ‘Alejandro’. During this time Gaga came under increased public and critical scrutiny for her eccentric and often bizarre style choices.
In 2010 she picked up three Brit Awards (the British equivalent of the Grammys)—for best international female, best album, and breakthrough act. In the same year, she won 3 more Grammy awards for BEST FEMALE POP VOCAL PERFORMANCE (“Bad Romance”), BEST POP VOCAL ALBUM (“The Fame Monster”), and BEST SHORT FORM MUSIC VIDEO (“Bad Romance”).
Gaga embarked on her second tour, The Monster Ball; upon finishing in May 2011, the critically acclaimed and commercially accomplished tour ran for over one and a half years and grossed $227.4 million, making it one of the highest-grossing concert tours of all time and the highest-grossing for a debut headlining artist.
Lady Gaga has been devoted to promoting a gay agenda. She acknowledged her own bisexuality and the LGBTQIA+ community became some of her most loyal fans. She became particularly outspoken on gay rights, especially same-sex marriage, and was a featured speaker at the 2009 National Equality March in Washington, D.C.
In 2010, Gaga revealed that she had been tested “borderline positive” for lupus. At the time, she said that despite occasional “heart palpitations and … things,” she was perfectly fine. “Lupus is in my family and it is genetic,” Gaga said. Her aunt died of lupus in 1976. “The truth is, I don’t show any signs, any symptoms of lupus. But I have tested borderline positive for the disease. So, as of right now, I do not have it, but I have to take good care of myself.”
In 2011, Lady Gaga released her third album, Born This Way reaching back to earlier musical eras for inspiration. She had often earned comparisons to the singer Madonna, and on the album’s first two singles the similarities were especially pronounced. The title track was a self-empowerment anthem in the style of Madonna’s 1989 single “Express Yourself,” while “Judas” mixed sexual and religious imagery. Both songs quickly became hits.
She also embarked on the Born This Way Ball tour in April 2012, which was scheduled to conclude the following March, but ended one month earlier when Gaga canceled the remaining dates due to a labral tear of her right hip that required surgery.
In 2013 Lady Gaga released Artpop. Although the energetic lead single “Applause” extended her sequence of chart successes, the album was regarded as a commercial disappointment. Some music critics said that Artpop generally failed to make an overall impression and the record was not “consistently entertaining”, though the album was mostly intended for Gaga’s fans and not for general listeners. Another one said that several songs sounded “half-finished”, though suggesting that the album had more good tracks than bad ones.
In September 2014, Gaga released a collaborative jazz album with Tony Bennett titled Cheek to Cheek. The inspiration behind the album came from her friendship with Bennett, and fascination with jazz music since her childhood. Cheek to Cheek received generally favorable reviews. The record was Gaga’s third consecutive number-one album on the Billboard 200, and won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album.
Gaga had spent much of her early life wanting to be an actress, and achieved her goal when she starred in American Horror Story: Hotel. For her performance in the series, Lady Gaga received a Golden Globe Award. She also appeared in the sixth season, which aired in 2016.
She returned with new music on 2016’s Joanne, which was inspired by her late aunt of the same name. Featuring the singles “Perfect Illusion,” “John Wayne,” and “Million Reasons,” the album debuted at the top of the Billboard 200 but quickly lost traction on the charts. It wasn’t until February of 2017 that the success of her Super Bowl halftime show would set Joanne on the comeback trajectory. Her performance featured a group of hundreds of lighted drones forming various shapes in the sky above Houston’s NRG Stadium—the first time robotic aircraft appeared in a Super Bowl program. It attracted 117.5 million viewers in the United States alone.
Lady Gaga starred alongside Bradley Cooper in his remake of the classic Hollywood fable A Star Is Born. She cowrote most of that movie’s songs, many of which she performed with co-star and director Bradley Cooper. The movie became a commercial and critical hit. The lead single, “Shallow,” won two Grammy Awards and the Oscar for best original song.
Lady Gaga’s latest studio album, Chromatica, was released on May 29, 2020 to positive reviews. It debuted atop the US charts, becoming her sixth consecutive number one album in the country, and reached the top spot in more than a dozen other territories including Australia, Canada, France, Italy and the UK. Chromatica was preceded by two singles, “Stupid Love” and “Rain on Me”, with Ariana Grande.